The world health day was observed on the 7th day of April and the theme was a call to action on halting the rise in diabetes as well as care for the people already with diabetes. Since 1980 WHO in their anniversary on their World Health Day highlighted the plight of people with diabetes and the need to arrest the certain rise. Further to this, it was of concern on measures that should be taken in ensuring that the already diabetic persons are receiving the best care possible.
What Is Diabetes
Diabetes is a disease that is caused by the pancreas lacking in production of enough insulin or the body is not able to use the insulin produced. When a body is not able to access the insulin, it means sugar can possibly accumulate in the body to harmful levels in a person’s blood leading to either hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia. Hyperglycemia is too much sugar in the blood whereas hypoglycemia refers to too little or low sugars in the blood. Diabetes if not managed can lead to lethal complications which can turn fatal.
There is type I and II diabetes which is determined by the levels of insulin produced. Type I diabetes means that no insulin is being produced at all and type 2 means some insulin is being produced though not enough and often enough the hormone cannot be utilized properly by the body.
Key Finding on WHO’s Global Report on Diabetes
- In its report, WHO cited the prevalence and growth of the number of people currently living with diabetes to have grown by about 8.5% of the population? This is a big increase in comparison to the increase in 1980 of 4.7%.
- Diabetes which has been declared as an epidemic has been cited to have very dire social economic impact on countries, especially those in the developing league.
- According to a survey carried out in 2014, it was apparent that more than one person in every 10 was obese while one in every 3 adults was overweight. These are figures that raise a lot of concern.
- Complications caused by diabetes can lead to other major health concerns like stroke, heart attacks, blindness, lower limb amputation and kidney failure. A rise in lower limb amputation in people living with diabetes has risen by 20 times.
- In the year 2012 diabetes was responsible for 1.5 million deaths whereas 2.2 more deaths were caused by high optimal glucose which heightens the risk to other diseases, cardiovascular included?
- These deaths were cited to be premature since the victims passed on before they got to the age of 70 years (43 %). These deaths could have been prevented if supportive policies were created and adopted in regard to creating environments that support healthy lifestyles, detection and treatment of diabetes.
- Good management of diabetes includes;
- generic medication in small sets,
- interventions aimed at improving a healthy lifestyle,
- education to patients with diabetes should be offered to facilitate self-care,
- frequently screening to detect early and offer treatment for diabetes
What Is the Global Commitment to reduce the diabetes prevalence?
According to the assistant director of WHO diabetes can possibly be prevented since there are measures that exist to detect and manage the conditions, a move that would ensure that people living with diabetes can live longer and productive lives. He further added that these changes can only be effected successfully by governments who choose to do more and by also agreeing to implement the Global Commitments to Address Diabetes as well as other NDCS. These measures would include;
- Meeting the sustainable development goals target 3.4 which calls for a reduced rate in the premature deaths which include diabetes. By 2030 diabetes is targeted to have reduced by 30%.
- Government’s committing to achieve the 4 time-bound national commitments. This was set in 2014 at the UN General Assembly and was labeled as ‘’The Outcome Document on Non-communicable Diseases’’.
- Attaining the global targets 9 in number as laid out by WHO in their ‘’global action plan for the prevention and control of NCDs’’ which also addresses stopping the rise of diabetes and obesity.
- Provision and improved access to insulin which is a matter of life and death for many people as quoted by WHO director of the Department of Management of NDCs, Disability, Violent and Injury Prevention. In the poor countries, diabetic medication and technology is only available to only 1 in 3 of these countries.