Knee injuries are one of the most common complaints across all age groups. Physically active people are particularly susceptible to sustaining a knee injury, especially those who routinely partake in sporting activities. Exerting too much pressure on the knee, tripping or falling, or simply colliding with a competitor during a contact sport like football or rugby are all ways in which athletes regularly end up with knee injuries. Older people may experience discomfort due to the general wear and tear of the joint, or due to a condition known as arthritis.
With sporting injuries, it’s often one or more of the four ligaments which bear the brunt of the damage, resulting in a reduction in the range of motion of the joint, making simple movements like walking particularly painful. Loss of neuromuscular control prevents muscles from working together, resulting in instability (a sensation commonly referred to as the knee “giving way”).
Conditions in old age
Arthritis is the most common knee injury complaint in people over the age of 50. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of the illness, with women more likely to be affected than men. The most common symptoms of osteoarthritis are stiffness in the joints and moderate to a severely painful knee. Treatment of osteoarthritis is generally achieved through medication, although physiotherapy can also be beneficial.
How to treat a knee injury
Knee problems can be corrected by utilising a variety of techniques, regardless of whether a knee injury has been sustained during sport or as a result of a medical condition. By reducing the load placed upon an injured knee whilst subsequently introducing controlled micro-instability, the knee muscles can be re-educated. This, along with body alignment correction, can help in two ways – to repair the damaged joint, and systematically reduce the amount of pain in the knee.
Rehabilitative practices can be beneficial, even when undertaken for just an hour a day, and those suffering from a knee injury should contact a specialist in order to find out the best course of action available to them.