In recent decades, all over the world, medical experts have noticed a drop in fertility levels across the board. While the global population continues to grow, many nations, especially those in the developed world, see a rise in the infertility of their citizens, even those who are otherwise young and healthy. Many times, the exact reason for individual cases of infertility remains a mystery. Fortunately, these fertility issues can be resolved with a very effective medical procedure.
Because of the giant leaps made by modern medicine, couples who are struggling with fertility problems now can choose in vitro fertilization, a procedure that was designed to solve this medical issue and result in healthy children for those couples. But, the same procedures often might seem very complicated and convoluted. Read on to get a better understanding of all important elements of in vitro fertilization.
The Basic Elements of In Vitro:
Essentially, in vitro fertilization or IVF presents a procedure that fertilizes the woman’s egg outside of her body. This is achieved by first stimulating the body to produce more unfertilized eggs, which are then retrieved trough minor surgical procedure. Then, the same procedure is repeated for the male, where sperm cells are taken. The third phase represents the fertilization itself, also known as insemination. This is achieved in a specially equipped medical laboratory where a single sperm is injected into a single egg, which makes the fertilization process complete. After that, the fertilized eggs are designated as embryos and are transported back into the woman’s uterus using a catheter. This takes place 6 to 10 days after fertilization and is called implantation. Once the process is complete, the woman is left to naturally go through a complete pregnancy and then deliver their baby or babies (depending on how many eggs develop into fetuses) after 9 months.
When is In Vitro Fertilization Used?
There are several distinctive problems that lead to infertility. For women, these include damaged or blocked Fallopian tubes and ovulation disorders where the eggs are not produced in a regular or timely manner. For men, the main reasons for using IVF are things like levels of mobility in the sperm or their decreased count which make regular insemination very problematic. Along with these, there are also issues that are produced by genetic problems and like it was stated earlier, infertility that cannot be explained (situations where both partners are individually fertile, but fail to produce a child together). In all of these cases, as long as there are eggs and sperm that are produced by the couple, in vitro fertilization can be completed.
Success Rates of IVF:
There is a wide array of factors that are associated with successful in vitro fertilization. These include the previous reproductive lives of the couple, the maternal age of the woman, the cause of the initial infertility and facts associated with the lifestyle choices that cover the broader health issues. But, the most successful IVF procedures are completed for women who are under 35 (around 42%), followed by women aged between 35 and 37 (around 35%). Women that are over 40 years of age have a chance of around 15% that they will get pregnant through IVF.
The Blessing of In Vitro fertilization:
There is no doubt that IVF is an incredible procedure that can provide couples with that crucial blessing they have been looking for with high chances of success and insignificant side effects. This procedure can be seen as the ideal solution for a number of infertility issues and problems that would otherwise leave couples childless. By using in vitro fertilization, these couples can now finally get a chance to bring a healthy baby into their world.
Millie Behera is the Founder & Medical Director at Bloom Reproductive Institute, Scottsdale, Arizona. She is board certified in Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Endocrinology. Dr.Behera has published a number of research papers and international presentations in the field of in-vitro fertilization, non-invasive treatment of fibroids, fertility preservation therapies, and advanced robotic surgery.