Educating yourself about sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), can help you understand what you should do before having sex and also allows you to be an informed consumer when it comes to making decisions about the treatment options. Every single doctor from the entire world recommends to not neglect the smallest symptom of your genitals! A medical exam or even a simple STD test could save your health or, even, your life. Even if you don’t have any symptoms, you should take the annual tests, because there are some diseases that don’t display any symptoms at all.
Top Five Health Issue You Should Be Regularly Tested For:
Is the most commonly reported STD in the United States and it accounts for approximately 3 million new cases every year. It can affect both women and men and it is caused by any species that belongs to the bacterial family Chlamydiaceae. You can get chlamydia during vaginal, oral, or anal sex with an infected partner. This disease can also be heritable, a pregnant woman can pass it to her baby during childbirth.
In women, in 70-80% of cases, it does not cause any symptoms and it can take months or years to be discovered. If there are symptoms, they may include painful sexual intercourse, abdominal pain, fever, painful urination, abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge, the urge to urinate more often than usual. In men, in almost 50% of cases, chlamydia shows symptoms like: testicular pain, fever, an unusual discharge from the penis, painful or burning sensation while urinating. In women, this disease can lead to a pelvic inflammatory disease, it can cause scarring inside the reproductive organs (which can lead to chronic pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy). In men, if it is not treated, chlamydia can cause prostatic inflammation, epidiymits (which can lead to sterility). Women infected with chlamydia are up to five times more likely to become infected with HIV, if exposed.
Every human being should get tested every year, because any sexually active person can get chlamydia through unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex. If the condom is not used correctly, it can put someone at risk for infection. Chlamydia treatment should be provided promptly for all persons testing positive for infection, because delays in receiving chlamydia treatment have been associated with complications, in a limited proportion of chlamydia-infected subjects.