It’s easy to take your eyes for granted until a problem arises. Unfortunately because the eyes are sensitive organs, most people will experience at least one—if not all—of the following optical conditions. Here are the solutions for three of the most common eye problems.
Floaters are the spots, specks, or thin black strands that seem to float across the surface of your eye. Most of the time they are just an oddity, but it is possible to have enough floaters that they actually impede your vision.
Floaters aren’t just an optical illusion: you actually are seeing them. The phenomena is caused when tiny bits of the vitreous humor, the fluid in your eye, break off and float across the surface of the eye. This is a natural result of aging—as you get older, the vitreous humor gets thinner and more bits will break off.
Floaters aren’t anything to be worried about, unless the number suddenly increases or a high number of floaters appear in your side vision. This may indicate a retinal tear.
There isn’t currently a medically endorsed solution to eradicate normal floaters. You can try increasing the amount of antioxidants in your diet and practicing relaxation techniques. However, if you don’t experience any changes, don’t worry too much.
If the floaters are high in number or are accompanied by flashes of light in your peripheral vision, make an appointment with your doctor. Retinal tears and detachment can be treated, but the success rate decreases dramatically after 72 hours.
2. Dry Eyes
Dry eyes are often a natural occurrence, without a definitive cure. However, they can also indicate more serious eye duct conditions which may require corrective surgery.
If your eyes are only occasionally dry or are more dry during certain times of the day (such as when you first wake up), tear replacement eye drops should alleviate the discomfort. If the drops are not sufficient, talk to your optometrist.
He or she may prescribe medical-grade eye drops or corrective measures. This may include plugs which are placed in the tear ducts to encourage increased drainage or a procedure called Lipiflow which uses heat and pressure to increase tear production.
3. Excess Moisture
When your eyes produce more tears than necessary it can cause sensitivity to light and temperature, along with irritation. It can also make you look like you’re crying when, in reality, your eyes are just watering.
Many people have naturally-occurring excess moisture, without a distinct cause. However, if you experience a sudden increase in tears, this may indicate an eye infection or blocked tear duct.
Excess tearing may also be caused by eye allergies. If you suspect this is the case, make an appointment with a company like Dr. Bishop & Associates, who provide eye exams in Calgary. Most allergies can be detected during a usual exam.
If you have naturally wet eyes, wearing sunglasses while outside can curb your eye sensitivity. Over-the-counter eye drops and oral medication can treat mild eye allergies and eye infections.
If your allergies are caused by a specific allergen, your doctor may recommend steps to remove the allergen. If you have a blocked tear duct or serious eye infection, talk to your doctor about your options.
If you experience any sudden changes in vision or your symptoms persist, make an appointment with your eye doctor. Your eyes are an important organ. Take care of these conditions when they appear so you can continue enjoying normal, comfortable vision.